Flushing RAM chunk to disk

FLUSH RTINDEX

FLUSH RTINDEX rtindex

FLUSH RTINDEX forcibly flushes RT index RAM chunk contents to disk.

Backing up an RT index is as simple as copying over its data files, followed by the binary log. However, recovering from that backup means that all the transactions in the log since the last successful RAM chunk write would need to be replayed. Those writes normally happen either on a clean shutdown, or periodically with a (big enough!) interval between writes specified in rt_flush_period directive. So such a backup made at an arbitrary point in time just might end up with way too much binary log data to replay.

FLUSH RTINDEX forcibly writes the RAM chunk contents to disk, and also causes the subsequent cleanup of (now redundant) binary log files. Thus, recovering from a backup made just after FLUSH RTINDEX should be almost instant.

  • SQL
SQL
📋
FLUSH RTINDEX rt;
Response
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.05 sec)

Compacting an index

Over time, RT indexes can become fragmented into many disk chunks and/or tainted with deleted, but unpurged data, impacting search performance. When that happens, they can be optimized. Basically, the optimization pass merges together disk chunks pairs, purging off documents suppressed previously by DELETEs.

Starting Manticore 4 it happens automaticaly by default, but you can also use the below commands to force index compaction.

OPTIMIZE INDEX

OPTIMIZE INDEX index_name [OPTION opt_name = opt_value [,...]]

OPTIMIZE statement enqueues an RT index for optimization in a background thread.

  • SQL
SQL
📋
OPTIMIZE INDEX rt;

Number of optimized disk chunks

OPTIMIZE merges the RT index's disk chunks down to the number which equals to # of CPU cores * 2 by default. The number of optimized disk chunks can be controlled with option cutoff.

  • SQL
SQL
📋
OPTIMIZE INDEX rt OPTION cutoff=4;

Running in foreground

If OPTION sync=1 is used (0 by default), the command will wait until the optimization process is done (in case the connection interrupts the optimization will continue to run on the server).

  • SQL
SQL
📋
OPTIMIZE INDEX rt OPTION sync=1;

Throttling the IO impact

Optimize can be a lengthy and IO intensive process, so to limit the impact, all the actual merge work is executed serially in a special background thread, and the OPTIMIZE statement simply adds a job to its queue. Currently, there is no way to check the index or queue status (that might be added in the future to the SHOW INDEX STATUS and SHOW STATUS statements respectively). The optimization thread can be IO-throttled, you can control the maximum number of IOs per second and the maximum IO size with rt_merge_iops and rt_merge_maxiosize directives respectively.

The RT index being optimized stays online and available for both searching and updates at (almost) all times during the optimization. It gets locked for a very short time when a pair of disk chunks is merged successfully, to rename the old and the new files, and update the index header.

Optimizing clustered indexes

As long as you don't have auto_optimize disabled indexes are optimized automatically

In case you are experiencing unexpected SSTs or want indexes across all nodes of the cluster be binary identical you need to:

  1. Disable auto_optimize.
  2. Optimize indexes manually:

    On one of the nodes drop the index from the cluster:

    • SQL
    SQL
    📋
    ALTER CLUSTER mycluster DROP myindex;

    Optimize the index:

    • SQL
    SQL
    📋
    OPTIMIZE INDEX myindex;

    Add back the index to the cluster:

    • SQL
    SQL
    📋
    ALTER CLUSTER mycluster ADD myindex;

    When the index is added back, the new files created by the optimize process will be replicated to the other nodes in the cluster. Any changes made locally to the index on other nodes will be lost.

Index data modifications (inserts, replaces, deletes, updates) should:

  1. either be postponed
  2. or directed to the node where the optimize process is running.

Note, while the index is out of the cluster, insert/replace/delete/update commands should refer to it without cluster name prefix (for SQL statements or cluster property fin case of a HTTP JSON request), otherwise they will fail. As soon as the index is added back to the cluster, writes can be resumed. At this point write operations on the index must include the cluster name prefix again, or they will fail. Search operations are available as usual during the process on any of the nodes.

FLUSH ATTRIBUTES

FLUSH ATTRIBUTES

Flushes all in-memory attribute updates in all the active disk indexes to disk. Returns a tag that identifies the result on-disk state (basically, a number of actual disk attribute saves performed since the server startup).

mysql> UPDATE testindex SET channel_id=1107025 WHERE id=1;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.04 sec)

mysql> FLUSH ATTRIBUTES;
+------+
| tag  |
+------+
|    1 |
+------+
1 row in set (0.19 sec)